It was reissued in with updated data. In the text, Hochschild investigates and portrays the double burden experienced by lateth-century employed mothers. Summary[ edit ] Coined after Arlie Hochschild's book, the term "second shift" describes the labor performed at home in addition to the paid work performed in the formal sector. In The Second Shift, Hochschild and her research associates "interviewed fifty couples very intensively" and observed in a dozen homes throughout the s and s in an effort to explore the "leisure gap" between men and women.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Working Parents and the Revolution at Home written by Arlie Hochschild is a work of research that investigates the strife of a marriage with a two-job family.
The author followed fifty families and interviewed the parents for ten years or more.
It is not just the struggle between the husband and wife about sharing household and childcare responsibilities, but the reason the struggle exists and that it is difficult to resolve falls on the shoulders of society and expected and learned gender ideologies.
Hochschild has three main points that reveal her own point of view. One main point is that society portrays the working woman as busy, fun, a role model for her daughter, and personally able to handle it all. She supports this with a New York Times Magazine article that has a front page cover of a working mother walking home with her daughter in hand.
The woman is young, smiling, windswept hair with her daughter carrying her briefcase for her with a smile on her face. Indeed the image of her private characteristics obscures all that is missing in public support.
Instead they can only hope to give minimal effort to all jobs, creating unsatisfied parties on all sides, including neglected children, nagged and ignored husbands, and dissatisfied bosses. Thus the woman is becoming the victim of this arrangement, but is seen as the villain who cannot hold it all together.
Hochschild 93 Arlie Hochschild did not come by these conclusions without hard work and thorough investigation. She researched by interviewing and observing fifty families in many different social classes and racial classes for over ten years.
Hochschild visited these families in person and stayed with them in the evenings after work, ate with them, shared family outings with them.
Then she followed up with individual interviews and stayed in touch with them months and years later to see how things were progressing.
With the help of a research assistant, Anne Machung, Hochschild accomplished years of real study of these families, not through books. However, in her writing she does mention other works that she had read, studies about the same issue of two income families.
It supports her conclusions. Some families need these myths in order to endure the inequality of sharing the second shift without resentment. All of the families she interviewed and spent time with were two job families that experience the problem she was proving exists-the stress of the housework and childcare on the mother in particular, but also on the entire family.
In this chapter she discusses how the experiences young people today are having, while dealing with two job parents, will hopefully affect the households of the future in a good way. The youth will grow up seeing the different ways their parents dealt with this problem and what worked for them and what did not.
Then they will weigh the positive and negatives of the outcomes and devise their own plans on making the two job household work for them. Hochschild Arlie Hochschild is well qualified to study these couples and draw her conclusions. In the preface of the book itself, she explains how she was a working mother, deciding to bring her baby to work with her at great expense to colleague respect, working difficult hours to receive tenure, and taking care of first one son, then two at home.
She states that she had the support she needed to survive the difficult years of raising small children and developing a career. Arlie Hochschild has more qualifications than being the woman in a two job family herself. She is trained in drawing conclusions from observation in social situations, as a Professor of sociology at the University of California, Berkely, holding a PhD in Sociology.
Some of these are Global Woman: Her status in the psychology and sociology educational environment is at a high level. She has received awards from the Fulbright, Gugenheim, and Alfred P.
Sloan foundations, and from the National Institute of Public Health. Audiobook1 Overall, Hochschild did a thorough job of researching and writing this book.
She outlines a believable argument and supports all her conclusions with sound, real research, as well as supports her findings with written works of her colleagues. Modernists like to believe they are revolutionists, but they probably do not want to realize their responsibility to support the women in whom they are demanding changes.
My basic feeling about this book is that as much as I knew the role of women in the household was changing, I did not realize the effects this had on women themselves. After reading The Second Shift, I feel strongly about men taking equal share in the household and childcare chores at home.
The husband should take over as much as he needs to so that spouses can share equal leisure time.
That would be the goal that would cause less stress and make the two job family a fun and livable arrangement for everyone involved. University California, Berkely [Online] Available from: Audiobook1 Scholarly Audio [Online] Available from: April 22, ] More essays like this:The Second Shift The Second Shift: Working Parents and the Revolution at Home written by Arlie Hochschild is a work of research that investigates the strife of a marriage with a two-job family.
The book relates lives of researched couples and their problem with the second shift ‘ which in this case is the work after work, the housework and. The Second Shift: Working Parents and the Revolution at Home written by Arlie Hochschild is a work of research that investigates the strife of a marriage with a two-job family.
The book relates lives of researched couples and their problem with the second shift ' which in this case is the work after work, the housework and childcare. Pamela Abbott and Claire Wallace Pamela Abbott Director of the Centre for Equality and Diversity at Glasgow Caledonian University.
Emotional labour was first put forward by sociologist Arlie Hochschild in in her classic book, The Managed Heart. Hochschild’s () thesis mostly focuses on the job of flight attendants and bill collectors where she described the work involved in being “nasty” or “nice” and have.
HISTORY AND THEORY OF FEMINISM The term feminism can be used to describe a political, cultural or economic movement aimed at establishing equal rights and legal protection for women.
The Second Shift by Arlie Hochschild explores the dichotomy faced by women to incorporate family life into career life.
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