Get The Discount Getting started with your own abstract example Now that we know that all good examples of abstracts are, in fact, a precise but brief summary of your whole paper, it becomes pretty obvious that you cannot start working on an abstract until the paper is written - not unless you have a very detailed outline you plan to stick to in your work. Here are some other formatting tips for all abstract examples that may prove handy in the process: Use the same font and spacing: However, official APA guidelines are not that strict - as long as the font is plain and easy to read, you can use any other analog.
Using italics, as in the examples above, is preferred, but underlining is still acceptable. Italicize book and journal titles, but not article titles. APA's capitalization rules for titles can be confusing! In the reference list, capitalize the first letter of every main word of a journal, magazine or newspaper title.
For book and article titles, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of the title, the first word of its subtitle if it has oneand any proper names. In the text of a paper, however, the rules are different, and every main word of a title gets capitalized.
If no author is given, start with the title and then the date. Use "et al" in place of the additional authors when there are more than six authors.
If each issue of the periodical begins with page one, include the issue number after the volume number as shown in the examples. If the page numbering continues from issue to issue, do not include the issue number.
This is not to be confused with the date you retrieved it. For articles retrieved in full text from a database e. These cities can be listed without a state abbreviation because they are well known for publishing: In addition, when the publisher is a university and the name of the state or Canadian province is included in its name, do not repeat the state or province in the publisher location.
When typing your Reference List, double space all lines. Use hanging indents, that is, the first line of each item should be flush left, and the second and subsequent lines should be indented. The above examples are not displayed this way because hanging indents cannot easily be rendered on web pages.
For documents and situations not listed here, see the printed manual, in the reference collection at both libraries. Its call number is Reference BF Nov 19, · In APA, the abstract is the section that follows the title page.
It is the summary of the paper's content including the methods, research findings, and conclusions. In many cases, you can start the actual paper right after APA style paper cover page.
In some other cases, though, the latter one is followed by an abstract. It is advisable to include the abstract when dealing with a relatively long paper that has many sections and runs over eight pages long. APA Paper Formatting & Style Guidelines Your teacher may want you to format your paper using APA guidelines.
If you were told to create your citations in APA format, your paper should be formatted using the APA guidelines as well. GOVERNMENT DOCUMENT See Citing Government Documents: American Psychological Association.
LEGAL MATERIALS See Citing Legal Materials in APA Style (Remember that, in a real paper, the above citations would all be in hanging indent format.).
NOTES-to clarify some of the trickier points!. Using italics, as in the examples above, is preferred, but underlining is still acceptable. What does it mean to write a paper in APA style? Learning the APA style. Basic Structure and Appearance.
Page Numbering. Manuscript Page Headers. The Title Page. APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.